Common Penis Problems You Must Never Ignore

Penis health is vital for your overall health. It extends beyond your capacity to get and maintain an erection, ejaculate, and reproduce. Problems with the penis can indicate an underlying health problem. Ongoing health issues with your penis can harm other parts of your life, can result in mental stress, and a lack of self-confidence. It’s good to learn how to recognize the signs and symptoms of penile disorders, as well as what you can do to safeguard your penis’ health. (1)

Sharing personal details about what’s hurting you with a stranger might be unpleasant and embarrassing. As it were, it appears that men’s discomfort prompts them to visit the doctor less frequently than women. A survey done by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicated that males are half as likely as women to see the doctor when they have genital symptoms. (2)

When it comes to obvious changes in the penis, testicles, or scrotum, men should be cautious and, if they are concerned, swallow their pride and seek medical help.

Because bones do not protect the scrotum and penis, male genital problems and injuries are quite common. Sports or leisure activities, such as mountain biking, soccer, or baseball, are the most common causes of genital disorders and accidents. A genital injury frequently causes excruciating agony that subsides quickly without creating permanent damage. For mild problems or injuries, home therapy is typically sufficient. Pain, swelling, bruising, or rashes that occur in conjunction with other symptoms should be taken seriously. (3)

The problems associated with the penis are numerous; its effect and consequence are alarming. More so, some can never be overemphasized, and we’ll look at them as we proceed. 

 

Some Common Penis Problems you shouldn’t ignore.

penis anatomy

1. A bend in the Penis – Peyronie’s disease 

Peyronie’s illness, which causes a substantial bend in the penis or a malformed phallus, is one of the most prevalent (like an hourglass). Peyronie’s disease affects about 3-5 percent of males, with the majority of cases occurring in middle life. A thickened region or hard lump termed a plaque in the shaft of the penis, as well as a decrease of penile length or girth, are further signs. These can cause pain or make it difficult to have sex and are sometimes linked to erectile dysfunction. (4).

Treatment recommendations for Peyronie’s disease depend on how long it’s been since you began having symptoms.

  • Acute phase. Penile pain, changes in curvature or length, or a deformity are all symptoms of penile pain. The acute phase occurs early in the disease and can persist anywhere from two to four weeks to a year or longer.
  • Chronic phase. There are no changes in curvature, length, or deformity of your penis, and your symptoms are stable. The chronic phase happens later in the disease and generally occurs around three to 12 months after symptoms begin. (9)

 

2. Lump in the testes – Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a relatively uncommon disease in men, accounting for less than 1% of all cancers in the UK, or about 2,400 cases per year. Men in their early 30s are the most vulnerable. With age, it becomes less common. A painless lump or enlargement the size of a pea (or greater) in one of the testicles is the most prevalent symptom of malignancy. Other signs and symptoms include a dull discomfort or heaviness in the scrotum. (4)

Be sensible and check yourself for anomalies frequently. If you have any doubts, go to your doctor. Remember that if caught early enough, testicular cancer has a 99 percent cure rate.

After a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is relaxed, it’s an excellent time to self-examine. Examine your testicles with your fingers and thumbs while holding your scrotum in your palms. (4)

Squamous cell carcinomas account for over 95 percent of all penile malignancies. These tumors usually grow slowly and form flat skin sores on the glans or foreskin. (8)

Verrucous carcinomas also take a long time to form and resemble huge warts. The most serious variety is penile melanoma, which develops quickly and causes reddish, brown, or black lesions. Most penile cancers can be cured if caught early enough. If treatment is postponed, more drastic measures, such as partial or full penis removal may be required. (8)

 

3. Penile Pain, Itching, and Penile Rash – Balanitis

Balanitis is caused by bad penile hygiene; it is a disorder in which the glans (head) of the penis becomes inflamed. Symptoms include penile pain, swelling, itching, a rash on the penis, and a foul-smelling discharge.

Uncircumcised men and those with difficulty retracting their foreskin (known as phimosis if the foreskin is too tight to retract) are particularly vulnerable. However, a recent study casts doubt on the generally held belief that poor personal cleanliness is exclusively to blame. (4)

Dr Anna Pallecaros, a consultant physician at the Princess Grace Hospital in London, believes that washing too much and using unneeded antibacterials will diminish the beneficial, protective germs naturally found on our skin. “Knowing how to care for our skin microbiota on the penis is just as vital as it is on the rest of our body.” (4)

“A healthy penis requires good general health,” she explains. Smoking cessation, moderate exercise, and a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables are all essential.

“Changes in erectile performance caused by diminished blood flow in the penile artery, for example, might occur long before heart disease is visible.” (4)

 

4. STIs

STIs

Herpes simplex, human papillomavirus, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomonas vaginalis are all sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can damage the penis.

Many people, however, incorrectly believe that penile difficulties are caused by infection and that men will detect a difference if they have an STI. In actuality, many penile symptoms are unrelated to STIs, and only a small percentage of people who have one show symptoms. (4)

Pallecaros cites chlamydia as an example. “Research suggests that most young men believe they would know if they had it, despite the fact that 70% of young men are asymptomatic.”

So, wear a condom, and don’t be hesitant to get care if you’re concerned about unusual symptoms.

Pallecaros says, “GPs and genitourinary medical (sexual health) clinics are quite good at recommending if, and how promptly, further assessment is required.” It’s critical to overcome fear or embarrassment and notify a doctor as soon as you observe a change from normal. (4)

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) you can contract after coming into touch with a syphilitic sore during intercourse. The sore is usually a circular, ulcerative lesion that causes no pain. It can be visible (on the penis or around the anus) or unseen (on the penis or around the anus) (in the rectum, mouth, or throat). (8)

One of the first signs of primary syphilis is a sore. It can proceed to more dangerous forms of secondary and tertiary syphilis if left untreated for months or years. (8)

 

A variety of factors can cause a penile rash or growth. These circumstances should serve as a reminder that self-diagnosis is never a smart idea and that prompt treatment prevents catastrophic problems and reduces the danger of spreading the disease to others. 

 

How Do I Know If I Have a Sexual Problem?

If you’re having trouble with your sexuality, it is practically impossible for you to know exactly what the problem is. the most important thing you can do is talk to your doctor about your symptoms honestly and openly. Your healthcare professional will most likely inquire about your relationships, partners, previous sexual history, any trauma history, probable depression symptoms, and any other pressures or concerns that may be interfering with your ability to relax. (7)

Your doctor will conduct a comprehensive physical examination, looking for evidence of high blood pressure, vascular illness, a neurological disorder, or disorders affecting your penis or testicles. 

A blood test will most likely be administered to screen for diabetes, thyroid illness, testosterone levels, kidney and liver function, and any other hormonal diseases that your doctor suspects. In addition, your health care practitioner will look over your list of prescriptions and substances (including illicit drugs and natural cures) to see if they’re linked to your sexual dysfunction. (7)

After all these, the doctor should know exactly what the issue is and you can then begin treatment.

 

What can I do to keep my penis healthy?

You can take steps to protect your penis health and overall health. For example:

  • Take sexual responsibility seriously. Maintain a mutually monogamous connection with a partner who has been tested and is free of sexually transmitted infections by using condoms or maintaining a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is free of sexually transmitted infections by using condoms.
  • Vaccinate yourself. Consider getting the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine if you’re 26 or younger to help avoid malignancies caused by the virus.
  • Continue to be physically active. Erectile dysfunction can be dramatically reduced with moderate physical activity.
  • Make good decisions. Maintaining a healthy weight will help you avoid high cholesterol, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and other erectile dysfunction risk factors.
  • Maintain a healthy level of hygiene. If you haven’t been circumcised, wash your foreskin with soap and water daily. After intercourse, make sure your foreskin is in its usual place.
  • Know what meds you’re taking. Talk to your doctor about how you’re taking your medication and any potential adverse effects.
  • Pay attention to your mental health. Seek treatment for depression, anxiety or other mental health conditions.
  • Stop smoking and minimize your alcohol use. Quit smoking if you’re a smoker. Speak with your doctor if you need assistance stopping. Consume alcohol in moderation if you wish to do so. For healthy individuals, it means no more than one drink per day for women of all ages and men over 65 and no more than two drinks per day for males 65 and younger. (5)

Not all erectile dysfunction can be avoided. Examining your penis regularly, on the other hand, might help you become more aware of its condition and notice changes. Regular exams can also assist in ensuring that any issues with your penis are identified as soon as possible. (5)

 

What factors increase the risk of problems?

Prostate Cancer Awareness, Man hand holding light Blue Ribbon with mustache for supporting people living and illness. Men Healthcare and World

Various risk factors can affect penis health — some modifiable and some not. For example: 

  • Diabetes, heart disease, and other illnesses are all linked. Erectile dysfunction can be exacerbated by heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, excessive cholesterol, and obesity.
  • Certain Medications. Erectile dysfunction can occur as a side effect of various medications, including blood pressure meds, antidepressants, prescription sleep medicine, ulcer medications, and prostate cancer medications.
  • Treatment for prostate cancer. Urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction may result from surgical removal of the prostate gland and surrounding tissue as a therapy for prostate cancer.
  • Smoking. Erectile dysfunction is more likely if you smoke, in addition to other health problems.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages in excess. Excessive drinking can lead to a loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, and poor sexual behaviour choices.
  • Hormone levels are important. Erectile dysfunction has been linked to hormonal abnormalities, particularly testosterone insufficiency.
  • Factors of psychology. Erectile dysfunction may be exacerbated by depression, extreme stress, or other mental health issues, as well as drugs for these diseases. As a result, erectile dysfunction can lead to worry, melancholy, low self-esteem, and sexual performance stress.
  • Disorders of the nervous system. Strokes can cause erectile dysfunction, spinal cord and back injuries, multiple sclerosis, and dementia, all disrupting the transmission of nerve impulses from the brain to the penis.
  • Ageing. A drop in testosterone levels with age is linked to an increased risk of erectile dysfunction, decreased orgasm intensity, decreased ejaculation force, and diminished penile sensitivity to touch.
  • Sex that isn’t safe. Sexually transmitted infections are increased by unprotected intercourse, sex with several partners, and other risky sexual activities.
  • Piercings. A penis piercing might result in a skin infection and cause urine flow to be disrupted. Your ability to get an erection or orgasm may be harmed depending on where the piercing is put. (5)

 

In conclusion

You can make numerous efforts to keep your penis healthy. This involves regular exercise and a well-balanced diet. You may also want to avoid unprotected intercourse, excessive alcohol consumption, and the use of tobacco products. (6)

Washing your penis at least once a day helps keep it healthy. Those who are sexually active should get sexual health tests at least once a year and conduct self-checks at home regularly. (6)

If you have any worries regarding your penis, you should see a doctor right away. The doctor will try to figure out what’s causing the problem and treat it appropriately.

 

References

  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/mens-health/in-depth/penis-health/art-20046175
  2. https://www.goodto.com/wellbeing/health/embarrassing-health-symptoms-men-515776/amp
  1. https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/maleg
  2. https://patient.info/news-and-features/penis-problems-you-shouldnt-ignore
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/mens-health/in-depth/penis-health/art-20046175
  4. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/healthy-penis#summary
  5. https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/understanding-male-sexual-problems-treatment 8. https://www.verywellhealth.com/penis-spots-lumps-and-rashes-2328892
  6. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/peyronies-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353473